Maize has grown in recent times, with a number of nations registering spectacular growths in manufacturing and productiveness. Nevertheless, the growing calls for come numerous issues. At a convention in Abuja, which was streamed on-line, stakeholders mentioned the trade challenges and proffered options, DANIEL ESSIET reviews.
In Nigeria, maize has grown in significance, resulting from excessive demand. The demand for the crop has been on the rise as a result of the grain, aside from getting used for feeding poultry, serves as a staple meals in lots of households.
Majorly, it’s utilized by flour millers, brewers, bakers of bread and confectionery and animal feed producers.
However its excessive manufacturing, analysts famous that maize farming in Nigeria, which yields a median of 1.8 metric tonnes per hectare (MT/Ha), is the bottom among the many high maize producers on the planet.
In response to Knoema, a world analysis report, america (U.S.) is the highest nation by maize manufacturing on the planet. Final yr, the world’s complete maize manufacturing was estimated at 1.07 million tonnes.
Additionally, the report stated maize manufacturing within the U.S. was 360,252,000 tonnes or 33.66 per cent of the world’s maize manufacturing. But, Nigeria had 11,500 tonnes. In 2012, it was 8,695 tonnes.
Consultants, nonetheless, stated there was the necessity to increase manufacturing. It was a spotlight of a maize convention held in Abuja.
It attracted individuals from inside and out of doors the nation. Entitled: “Way more maize”, the occasion was organised by Bayer Nigeria, a German worldwide group, with a concentrate on growing and deploying new applied sciences to reinforce meals manufacturing. It featured a panel dialogue. The panelists included the Nationwide President, Maize Affiliation of Nigeria (MAAN), Alhaji Abubakar Bello; and Director, Nationwide Agricultural Seed Council (NASC), Dr. Olusegun Ojo.
Aside from the nationwide analysis and extension system companions, who participated within the convention, there have been consultants from Bayer Nigeria, together with Agronomic Operations Supervisor, Mr. Joseph Kibaki, and Market Improvement Regional Supervisor, Dr. David Wangila.
The goals of the convention have been to evaluate particular priorities to reinforce manufacturing, share the newest data on cutting-edge applied sciences and generate consciousness amongst stakeholders for higher makes use of of maize as meals, feed, and as an industrial crop.
Whereas scientific achievements within the latest previous have led to increased yearly progress in maize, the Nation Cluster Business Lead for Bayer, Lauren Parez, famous that manufacturing in Nigeria is constrained by many components. Nevertheless, there remained a big scope to extend manufacturing, in addition to alternatives to spice up improvements in crop enchancment, administration and diversification.
Because the demand for maize is anticipated to extend, he additional emphasised the necessity for improved applied sciences and administration practices.
He stated Bayer needs to advertise the tradition of offering farmers with high-performance merchandise to eradicate the environmental constraints in agricultural yields.
The MAAN President, Alhaji Abubakar Bello, mentioned in particulars the state of affairs of maize in Nigeria.
To develop the trade, Bello urged for elevated concentrate on enhancing farmers’entry to high quality seeds, together with climate-smart agronomic administration practices.
The MAAN President, who spoke on the subject; ‘Revolutionising the maize manufacturing in Nigeria,’ defined that the affiliation was answerable for driving enchancment and improvement of the maize worth chain with emphasis on growing manufacturing capability of its members with the motto: “Meals for all.”
He listed Niger, Kaduna, Ogun, Kogi, Taraba, Ondo, Katsina, Oyo, Plateau, and Kano as states with the very best cultivated space accounting for 60 per cent of maize manufacturing within the nation.
His phrases: “Nigeria is producing extra maize yearly. The determine of manufacturing from 2014 to 2019 was the very best ever, which took Nigeria to the second spot amongst maize producers in Africa with a median of 12.9 million metric tonnes, yearly.
“Rising from 10.1 million tonnes in 2014 to 10.6 million in 2015 and 11.6 million in 2016. In 2017, the determine held to 10.4 million metric tonnes, however lifts in 2018 to 11 million tons and the determine was maintained in 2019.”
Regardless of this, the low adoption charges of improved varieties and challenges of accessing of high quality seeds, recommend that there’s vital house for progress.
One of many key challenges going through the trade, the Director, Nationwide Agricultural Seed Council (NASC), Dr. Olusegun Ojo, famous, was entry to high quality seed, which is probably the most vital issue for bettering productiveness.
Ojo reiterated that the council was centered on regulation and coordination to reinforce dependable entry to high quality planting materials and seeds of superior varieties on the proper time and at an inexpensive worth for farmers.
In response to him, the Council and companions launched the Plant Selection Safety (PVP) Invoice to make sure the safety of plant breeders, granting them mental property rights over their planting supplies and supporting the event of recent plant varieties.
“The PVP legislation when in place will shield plant breeders because it grants them an mental property proper over their planting supplies,” he stated.
He expressed gratitude to Bayer Nigeria for its contributions to Nigeria’s seed trade, particularly because it issues maize.
Technical Lead for Maize, MAAN, Dr Sam Ajala, famous the damaging results of weeds on maize.
Emphasising the necessity for an environment friendly and inexpensive weed administration system to reinforce yields, Ajala canvassed the usage of protected and environment-friendly herbicide choices in maize manufacturing.
He added that utilizing Bayer’s agrochemicals comparable to Lagon, an herbicide, has produced constructive impression on maize crops.
Agronomic Operations Supervisor, Mr. Joseph Kibaki, and Market Improvement Regional Supervisor, Dr. David Wangila, who spoke on “Good agronomic practices,” stated Bayer gives area agronomic advisory functions and choice assist instruments to assist farmers make worthwhile investments and obtain increased yields.